MCC’s peatland portfolio in Indonesia provides insight into how countries can prevent devastating wildfires

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To harvest timber and then convert wet peatlands, the peatlands must first be drained by canals that also serve as transportation routes.

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Imagician of wood fire Burning across Canada Vivid and surreal: A suffocating pine tree with red and yellow flames turning into smoke cloud arrival for Dull orange sky. It’s a tragic sight. already, of Forest fires burned millionsof Acres of Canadian Woods, force thousands of people to Canadians run away their home.

thick haze from of Forest fires in Quebec have spread over Ontario, significantly deteriorating air quality across the country and even reaching the neighboring United States.According to US government sources Atmospheric particulate matter levels from wildfire smoke are unhealthy and sometimes dangerous across the East Coast and Midwest of the United States.

Scientifically clear. bBecause of the Change The climate will see hotter days and drier conditions Longer and more severe wildfire seasons are accelerating around the world. A 2021 report by climate scientists from the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) says dry, hot and windy conditions that make fires more likely will become a serious problem in many parts of the world. and will become more common in the future. as the earth continues to warm.

8 years ago In summer and autumn In 2015, wildfires broke out bright into the Night on the Indonesian islands of Sumatra and KaLimantan. fire Over 2.6 million hectares of peat were generated swamp forest When burned, it releases a huge amount of greenhouse gases, an estimated 14-16 million. tonsheys The amount of carbon dioxide (CO2) is more than the peak daily emissions of the entire US economy.

T.Hiccup smoke and haze from Indonesian fire encompasses much of Southeast Asia and lead To of gain of mistRelated Illnesses such as upper respiratory tract disease and acute conjunctivitis. according to from wildfires Caused over 1001,000 dead It spans Indonesia, Malaysia and Singapore.

ofheight wildFires Dramatically Show the Importance of Sustainable Peatland Management in Indonesia and Importance of air quality.

Between 2000 and 2010, more than 2 million hectares of Indonesian peatland forest were logged, logged and drained, making the land more susceptible to fire as it became suitable for palm oil and marketable timber. rice field. Burning produces peat, Composed of partially decomposed plant material, it contributes significantly to carbon emissions.This is due to the high carbon content. In fact, peat forests are estimated to store at least twice as much carbon as other vegetation.

To address this challenge, the President of Indonesia established the Peatland Restoration Authority in 2016 with the goal of restoring 2.6 million hectares of drained and degraded peatlands across seven provinces across the country by 2020.

Millennium Challenge Corporation (MCC) is a priority for the Government of Indonesia by funding a portfolio of peatland-related projects (two partnership grants, two support contracts, and one small community-based grant). assisted in matters.

The peatland portfolio is part of MCC’s $228 million Green Prosperity Project (GPP), which ran from 2013 to 2018 and is designed to improve land use practices and natural resource management. It was intended to reduce land-based greenhouse gas emissions.

According to Martha Bowen, MCC’s Country Director for Indonesia, the goal of MCC’s peatland portfolio was to support the Indonesian government’s own efforts to protect and restore its rich peatland forests.

Peatland Restoration Authority, we have a great opportunity to put the MCC’s sovereignty principles into practice.,” she says.

By leveraging existing programs, we were able to implement it quickly. Funds for two types of peatland restoration project: community-based model and Building a dam using heavy machinery. Two projects were designed to demonstrate: two Different approaches to restoring peatlands. new Peatland Restoration AJancy was able to compare these practices and learn valuable lessons, even though she was doing her own work. Establishment was in progress. “

View of cleared peatlands with secondary vegetative regrowth and drainage in the foreground. This was once a forested swamp until it was drained and logged.

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MCC peat bogs The portfolio focuses on rehabilitating drained and fire-prone peatlands, supporting alternative livelihoods for communities near peatlands, and building capacity for sustainable peatland management within local government and national government agencies. increase.

through GPP. Investment mapped 253,559 hectares of peatland, bend 232 dam structures were designed, built and installed on the canal. raise the water level for the purpose of wet it again return peatland ecosystemThereby reduceare doing fire dangerous and greenhouse effect (GHG) emissions.

aat the end of GPPthe estimability of preliminary modeling greenhouse gas (greenhouse gas) emission reduction from this is 66 sub-projects be about 1 million tonsNess amount of carbon dioxide per year, and Potential reductions from the peatland portfolio Estimate and 300,000 tons Equivalent to the annual amount of carbon dioxide. Remove 66,500 cars from America’s roads.

“Ultimately, our peatland restoration investment contributed about 30 contributions.the second highest percentage, says Bowen. Looking across GPP, 94% of the estimated emission reductions come from: It comes from the Natural Resources Management sub-project, with only 6% investment in renewable energy. “

About 15% of the world’s known peatlands have been irreversibly damaged by human activities or are currently severely degraded. Damaged peatlands around the world are estimated to emit at least 2 billion tonnes of carbon dioxide annually, representing about 5% of greenhouse gas emissions.

Peatland wildfires are expected to become an increasing problem as the frequency and severity of wildfires increase around the world, potentially accelerating the pace of global warming. Protecting and restoring the world’s peatland forests can therefore play an important role in efforts to stabilize the climate.

Sergio Feld, Director of Environmental and Social Performance at MCC, said the increasing frequency of wildfires around the world highlights the need for governments, NGOs and international development agencies to invest in natural infrastructure solutions. I have to.

Natural infrastructure, as opposed to man-made infrastructure, refers to the use of nature-based solutions that facilitate, use, restore, or mimic naturally occurring landscape features and natural ecological processes. It is estimated that nature-based solutions could provide 37% of the mitigation needed by 2030 to meet the Paris Agreement goals.

“MCC’s peatland portfolio highlights the need to continue investing in natural infrastructure projects around the world,” says Feld. “In this case, we worked to restore Indonesia’s peatlands to retain and absorb carbon. I did.”

“We are looking forward to working with partners around the world on more infrastructure projects. We are planning to do a natural infrastructure project in the Solomon Islands. and in Mozambique. There are many engineering solutions that can help. Help nature heal itself. “



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