Follow live updates about the submarine that exploded in the depths of the Atlantic, killing all five people on board while en route to the Titanic wreck.
Catastrophic explosion on Titan likely killed five crew members instantly
Experts say the Titan submarine underwent a catastrophic implosion in the intense water pressure of the deep North Atlantic, likely killing the pilot and four passengers instantly.
Maritime researchers called implosion the worst outcome of all scenarios envisioned during the frantic 24-hour search to find the missing vessel.
Experts have warned that intense pressure at extreme depths could cause the Titan’s hull to explode, killing everyone on board instantly.
At 22 feet (6.7 meters) in length and weighing 23,000 pounds (10,432 kilograms), the Titan’s internal volume was large, and although it was cramped for up to five people to sit on, it meant more external pressure. rice field.
The water pressure at 12,500 feet (3,800 meters) below the surface of the Titanic wreck is approximately 400 atmospheres, or 6,000 pounds per square inch.
Things to know:
– What caused Titan to explode?It’s not even clear who will lead the investigation at this time.
— How the Titan submarine’s unconventional design doomed disaster
— Titanic expert, adventurer, CEO, father and son die in Titan’s implosion
— Tourist submarine implosion draws attention to vague regulation of deep-sea exploration
— ‘Titanic’ director James Cameron says search for missing submarine has been ‘a nightmare’
— How much did the search for the Titan submarine cost?The U.S. Coast Guard bill alone would be in the millions
— Update on the Titan submarine tragedy and future developments in recovery efforts
Titan passengers were likely aware of the risks and signed waivers
The four passengers killed in the Titan blast this week were likely asked to sign liability waivers.
One of the waivers signed by those planning to participate in the Oceangate expedition required passengers to be aware of the risks involved in traveling on Titan and support vessels.
The waiver, reviewed by The Associated Press, states that passengers may experience physical injury, disability, mental trauma and death while on Titan.
The document also states that passengers waive the right to sue for “personal injury, property damage or other loss” they experience while traveling.
The shape also makes it clear that the craft is experimental and “made of materials not widely used in manned submersibles.”
Waivers can play a huge role as the family of the deceased considers their legal options. Legal experts say much of the case, including what caused the ship to blow up, will be determined by what the investigation into the accident will reveal.
Canadian Transport Commission Launches Investigation
The Canadian Transportation Safety Board announced Friday that it will launch an investigation into the sinking of the Titan, focusing on the cargo ship Polar Prince.
The Polar Prince was a Canadian-flagged ship that served as the mother ship for the submarine Titan. The Transportation Safety Board will investigate whether the Polar Prince is serving as a support vessel and will conduct a safety review of her operational status, the agency said.
Investigative teams have traveled to St. John’s, Newfoundland and Labrador to gather information and conduct interviews, the agency said. It said it would coordinate with other agencies in the next few days.
There were 17 and 24 crew members on board the Polar Prince, according to the agency.
TITAN’s unconventional design results in higher water pressure
The Titan submarine’s deadly implosion was doomed to disaster because the ship that was investigating the Titanic’s wreckage was unconventional in its design and its builders refused industry-standard safety checks. It aroused the suspicion that
Titan, owned and operated by Oceangate Expeditions, will begin taking people aboard Titanic for the first time in 2021. The ship was advertised with a design that included a carbon fiber composite hull and elongated rooms for her crew and passengers, a departure from the traditional spherical cabin area. And all titanium structure.
Experts say most submersibles have a spherical cabin where people sit, because water pressure is evenly distributed in all areas. By comparison, Titan’s cavities were larger and more elongated and tubular.
At 22 feet (6.7 meters long) and weighing 23,000 pounds (10,400 kilograms), the Titan’s internal volume was cramped for up to five people, but meant it was subject to more external pressure. I was.
Oceangate touted the Titan’s carbon fiber and titanium construction as “lighter and more maneuverable than other deep submersibles,” but experts blamed it for over-loading and improper design leading to stress concentrations. It states that carbon composites have a limited life when exposed.
Adventurers Drop Oceangate Fraud Lawsuit Following Titan Tragedy
Two adventurers who had sued Oceangate for fraud have announced that they have dropped their lawsuit against the company that owned the Titan submarine.
Sharon and Mark Heigl sued Oceangate for depositing funds for a trip to the wreckage of the Titanic, but the voyage never materialized. The couple said their trip was both rescheduled and cancelled, and they were told they would not receive a refund.
Last year, the Hagles became the first married couple to go on a commercial space flight, according to Purdue University, Mark’s alma mater.
In a statement to the Associated Press on Friday, the couple said they had decided to drop the lawsuit following the deaths of CEO Stockton Rush and four passengers and the loss of the Titan at sea.
“Money is the engine of the economy, but honor, respect and dignity are more important to the human soul,” the statement said. “My heartfelt condolences to the entire Oceangate family and all those on board the Titan who have lost loved ones in grief.”
Titan search costs can easily balloon into millions
The search for the missing Titan submarine could easily cost millions of dollars for the US Coast Guard alone. The Canadian Coast Guard, US Navy, and other agencies and private organizations are also rushing to provide resources and expertise.
Virginia-based naval historian, analyst and author Norman Polmer said marine research, especially with so many countries and even commercial companies involved, is unmatched.
It costs a lot of money to operate the aircraft alone.
The Pentagon estimates the hourly cost of the turboprop P-3 Orion, jet-powered P-8 Poseidon Subhunter and C-130 Hercules used in the search at tens of thousands of dollars.
Some agents can ask for a refund. But Stephen Coating, a Maine U.S. attorney who specializes in maritime law, said federal law generally prohibits the U.S. Coast Guard from collecting reimbursements related to search and rescue services.
Mickey Hastings, president and CEO of the National Search and Rescue Association, said the number one priority in search and rescue is always to save lives, and search and rescue agencies do not budget for such expenses. said there is.
Rescue agencies don’t want people in distress thinking about the cost of helicopters and other supplies when their lives are in danger.
“Every missing person deserves to be found. That’s the mission, no matter who they are,” Hastings said.
Implosion of Titan highlights opaque regulations for deep-sea navigation
Titan’s voyage to the North Atlantic highlights the vague regulatory limits of deep-sea exploration.
This is a space on the high seas where law and convention can be circumvented by risk-taking entrepreneurs and wealthy tourists to fund their dreams. At least for now.
Attention has been focused on how such expeditions are regulated after the US Coast Guard announced Thursday that the Titanic had imploded near the wreck, killing all five on board.
Titan operated on the high seas, far outside the scope of many laws of the United States and other countries. She said the ship was not registered as a U.S. vessel, was not registered with any international body that regulates safety, and was not classified by any maritime industry association that sets standards such as hull construction.
Oceangate Expeditions CEO Stockton Rush, one of the dead and Titan pilot, said he didn’t want to be bound by such standards.
Wrongful death and negligence lawsuits are likely to be filed in the Titan case, and they may win, experts say. But legal action will face a range of challenges, including a waiver signed by Titan’s passengers warning them of countless ways to die.
Critics Point To Titan Submersible’s Lack Of Verification
Bob Ballard, a member of the research team that discovered the Titanic wreck in 1985, called the lack of certification by outside experts a “killer blow” in the case of the Titan submarine.
The U.S. Coast Guard said Thursday that the Titanic, a small vessel en route to the sinking Titanic, suffered a catastrophic implosion, killing all five on board.
“We’ve dived to this depth thousands of times with other countries and never had an accident,” Ballard told ABC’s “Good Morning America” Friday. “So this is the first time, and the definitive proof is that this is the first time it’s been done by an unclassified submarine.”
“Titanic” director James Cameron, who appeared on the same show, called the lack of certification by a technical agency or “classification authority” a “grave failure.”
He described some potential problems with the Titan’s design, but said the weakest point was its carbon-fiber composite hull.
“We don’t use composites for vessels that are subject to external pressure. They are great for internal pressure vessels, like scuba tanks, for example, but they are the worst for external pressure,” he said. “So this was trying to apply an aviation idea to a deep submersion engineering problem. And we all said this was the wrong idea.”
The Coast Guard remains focused on the search, saying a formal investigation has not yet begun.
The U.S. Coast Guard said Friday that a formal investigation into the Titan submarine’s disappearance and implosion had not yet begun, although it remained focused on the search.
A Coast Guard official said Thursday that a ship en route to the Titanic wreck suffered a catastrophic implosion, killing all five people on board.
On Friday morning, the Coast Guard said a formal investigation had not yet begun, as relevant agencies were focused on the search and were still determining who had the appropriate jurisdiction and authority to direct the search. Announced. Possibilities include the United States Coast Guard, the Canadian Coast Guard, other federal and international agencies, or joint efforts.
The Coast Guard also said it was too early to say whether policy changes would take place.